A Brief Guide to Lupus Disease

Lupus Symptoms
Lupus Symptoms
Lupus Symptoms
Lupus Symptoms

Lupus is a disease in which the immune system targets healthy tissues and organs of the human body. It is an auto-immune disease. Lupus can cause inflammation in various body parts like the lungs, heart, brain, skin, and joints.

Lupus is often diagnosed in people belonging to the age group of 15 to 45. Some reports show that women are more susceptible to lupus disease than men.

Lupus Symptoms

The symptoms of lupus disease can easily be mistaken for other ailments, hence the diagnosis is difficult. The symptoms of lupus disease will differ according to the body part that is affected by lupus. The common symptoms are memory loss, confusion, headaches, joint pain, skin rashes, etc. A facial rash that spreads across both cheeks is also a common symptom of lupus.

Causes

Some people get lupus disease by inheritance. For some people, lupus activates when they come in contact with a stimulus. Sunlight is one of the stimuli which can trigger lupus. When sunlight triggers lupus, there is a higher chance of skin lesions.

Some medications also trigger lupus in some people. These include antibiotics, drugs for seizures, and blood pressure. Lupus caused by drugs may get cured when the consumption of the medication is stopped.

Effect of Lupus on Body Systems

When lupus affects the lungs, inflammation occurs in the lining of the lungs and it is called pleurisy. Pleurisy can induce severe chest pain and the chances of developing pneumonia are also high.

Lupus can affect the kidneys which causes a disease called lupus nephritis. When infected, inflammation occurs in the kidneys and prevents kidneys from working properly. Increased blood pressure and swollen face and feet are the symptoms associated with lupus nephritis.

Lupus disease can also affect the central nervous system. Confusion and lack of concentration are major symptoms. When lupus disease affects the central nervous system, the chances of getting a stroke are high. Lupus cerebritis is another disease that can occur. Lupus cerebritis causes lethargy, mood swings, confusion, and can even induce severe coma.

Lupus when present in the blood can cause leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Leukopenia is a disease in which the count of white blood cells is reduced. The count of platelets in the blood is reduced when a person is affected with thrombocytopenia.

When lupus affects the heart, it can turn into myocarditis and endocarditis. Endocarditis thickens the surface of valves in the heart thus hindering normal heart function.