Being on the so-called Mediterranean diet lowers the possibility of developing heart disease, and it has positive effects on individuals with lupus. This diet has several anti-inflammatory food items, which also lowered manifestations of lupus in those who took part in the study. Further, the study associated following this lupus diet to a greater extent with health advantages such as healthier weight. Fruits, whole grains, vegetables, beans, chicken, fish, seeds, and nuts constitute the diet.
Spanish researchers examined 280 lupus patients to know how Med Diet influences SLE activity, risk markers of cardiovascular disease, and damage accrual. Those participants were told to be on the diet and chronicle their food eating frequency and habits, plus their lifestyle for 14 consecutive days. A questionnaire about their food consumption was used as a common systemic lupus erythematosus management tool to score their progress. A point-based scoring system was also used, where a higher score signified greater dietary adherence. That means the more non-Mediterranean diet food items the participants consumed, the greater would lupus damage be.
The researchers in the study measured their patients’ homocysteine level, CRP, SLE activity, and damage accrual. Diabetes mellitus, obesity, blood lipids, hypertension and so forth were regarded as the factors that would increase the chance of developing cardiovascular disease.
Those researchers observed a direct connection between the disease manifestations and diet. The people who followed this diet experienced lower disease activity than the rest. Further research is required to better understand the link between patient nutrition and treating systemic lupus erythematosus symptoms and disease activity.
As for one of the researchers, environmental factors, genetic predisposition, hormonal changes and some other factors contribute to lupus, even though its exact reason is not known. The study discovered that consuming anti-inflammatory food items, like fruits, fish, vegetables, and olive oil benefitted SLE patients by lessening organ damage.
The study also associated avoiding food items that have high amounts of sugar and processed-type meat with health advantages. Anyhow, it is worth noting that those food items are not in this diet.
The study’s results make the researchers concerned advise that, alongside medical treatment, nutrition counseling could help to make the natural history of SLE and lupus comorbidities better. For the uninitiated, the phrase ‘natural history’ here refers to lupus development, including the speed and sequence of its forms and stages.