Lupus erythematosus is a collection of autoimmune diseases where the immune system attacks healthy cells and tissues, damaging them. It can attack different parts of the body like the skin, lungs, kidney, heart, joints, etc. Also, lupus diagnosis is difficult as the symptoms vary from person to person. It is done by considering the combination of signs and symptoms, blood and urine tests, and physical examination. The focus of most treatments is to reduce the severity of symptoms, as well as the hyperactivity of the immune system. In this article, we will discuss the different medicines used for treating lupus symptoms.
Painkillers And Anti-inflammatories
Anti-inflammatories are the most common medicines used for treating lupus symptoms like arthritis, fever, and pleurisy. For most people, anti-inflammatory drugs are only required to manage the symptoms of this autoimmune disease. Two of the widely used anti-inflammatories and painkillers for lupus are listed below.
- Aspirin: It reduces pain and inflammations, hence useful for managing the symptoms of lupus. However, it can irritate the stomach and has anticoagulant properties.
- Acetaminophen: It is good for relieving pain and produces less stomach irritation compared to aspirin. However, it does not help with reducing the inflammation due to lupus, and in rare cases cause liver issues.
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
Some of the commonly used NSAIDs are ibuprofen, naproxen, nabumetone, indomethacin, and celecoxib. They reduce lupus symptoms like inflammations and pain, and its effect on the body are listed below.
- NSAIDs mainly reduce inflammations.
- It is useful for reducing muscle stiffness and pain due to it.
- There are different types of NSAIDs, and people get better relief with one type of NASID. Because of this, you will have to try them to find the ideal one that gives you maximum relief.
- They produce stomach irritation.
- Some of the adverse side effects of NSAIDs are serious gastrointestinal issues like bleeding ulcers. So, to avoid this, NSAIDs are usually consumed with antacids, milk, or other food. Also, doctors prescribe other medications to reduce these adverse effects.
- They are available as over the counter medicines but requires a prescription for higher doses.
- You must be careful when consuming NSAIDs as too much of it can reduce the blood flow to the kidney, thereby affecting the removal of toxic waste from the body.
Corticosteroids are another class of medicines used for treating lupus symptoms because they reduce inflammation. This is because they work like the hormone cortisol that regulates blood pressure and immune system activity. Corticosteroid drugs are only available with a prescription, and your doctor will try to keep the dosage minimum.
These are some of the medicines used for treating the symptoms of lupus, and we hope that the details shard above was of use to you.