Lupus is a condition of the immune system which causes the human body to attack the healthy tissues of the body mistaking it to be an intruder. This condition can cause damage to any part of the body of a person and can be chronic, thereby making the symptoms of the condition appear repeatedly.
Discoid lupus is a condition that affects the skin of a person and causes scaly, red rashes on different parts of the body when it gets exposed to harmful UV rays. An estimate of 1.5 million people in the US is affected by lupus, according to popular research conducted by The National Resource Center.
The immune system of a person that is in good health fights the disease-causing bacteria and viruses off, but, the immune system of a person who has discoid lupus attacks the healthy skin thereby causing sores that can appear as disc-shaped rashes.
Symptoms of Discoid Lupus
The symptoms of discoid lupus include sore that can be present as thick and scaly rashes, and it mostly ranges from red to purple in color. These rashes could be formed in one or more areas on the body and mostly appear on areas that are exposed to UV rays like face, back of hands, and neck.
Though there can usually be no other common symptoms for this condition, some people also suffer from pain and itching in the sores.
There are various other skin conditions that can seem similar to this condition like eczema and plaque psoriasis. Therefore, it is important for everyone to consult a doctor to get the correct diagnosis.
Causes of Discoid Lupus
Similar to all other forms of lupus, discoid lupus also do not have a clear cause for occurrence. It is assumed that the genetic factors of a person, hormones, and environmental triggers such as stress and exposure to sunlight could possibly play a major role in developing this condition.
Discoid lupus is often difficult to diagnose, and can even get worse if proper treatment is not taken. A person who sees the symptoms of lupus should immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment, if necessary. They should also make sure to keep a record of how the symptoms got developed in them, and look for a history of autoimmune conditions in the family. A medical appointment can mostly include an examination of the person’s skin, urine and blood tests, a biopsy, and checking of the person’s medical history.
As there is no permanent cure for this condition, treatment options mostly aim to limit scars, prevent the occurrence of new sores, and to make the skin to appear healthy. The common methods of treatment usually include the use of ointments, injections, and anti-malarial drugs.