How COVID-19 Affects People With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus?

Lupus Symptoms
Lupus Symptoms
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

As you might already know lupus is an autoimmune condition where the immune system attacks healthy tissues. Because of this, people suffering from this condition are at a higher risk of developing COVID-19 disease, resulting in severe symptoms which can lead to death. Besides, some treatments for lupus have the risk of increasing the chances of coronavirus infection. Because of their compromised immune system, prevention is the best strategy against COVID-19, and people suffering from this condition must work closely with their doctors. Read on to know how COVD-19 affects people with lupus.

How COVID-19 Affects People With Lupus?

The most common form of lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus, and the symptoms can vary in each case. Likewise, the symptoms of COVID-19 also vary. The symptoms of COVID-19 are listed below.

  • Dry cough
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle pain
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Chills
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • General fatigue

What Is The Danger From COVID-19 For People With Lupus?

People with systemic lupus erythematosus are at higher risk of infection and complications due to COVID-19 disease. Also, some people suffering from this condition are prescribed immunosuppressants to reduce the hyperactivity of their immune system. But this can make them more prone to coronavirus infection and increase the severity of its symptoms. Apart from this, people above the age of 60 with lupus are at a greater risk of severe illness and complications.

What Are The Symptoms To Look Out For?

People suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus must take special care to look out for the slightest COVID-19 symptoms. This ensures that the doctors can respond quickly, and the infection doesn’t progress out of control because of their compromised immune system. The primary symptoms that are more evident are dry cough, fever, and difficulty in breathing. However, general fatigue is more difficult to notice since it is quite common in lupus patients.

Severe symptoms like feeling pressure inside the chest, and change in the color of lips or face requires urgent medical care, and this usually happens when the primary symptoms are not noticed. To avoid such an emergency, it is advised to use the officially approved COVID-19 home testing kit in case of suspected COVID-19 infection.

What Are The Precautions People With Lupus Must Take?

People with systemic lupus must take special care to avoid the triggers that cause the symptoms of this autoimmune disease. Some of the common individual triggers are sunlight exposure, stress, certain medications and food. Also, they should have adequate rest, should stay hydrated, wash hands frequently with soap and water, use a face mask, etc.

On a final note, people with lupus must be extra cautious when they go outside and must strictly practice social distancing of at least 6 feet or 2 meters to avoid COVID-19 infection.