What Are The 4 Types Of Lupus And How They Affect The Body?

Lupus Symptoms
Lupus Symptoms
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus

Lupus is a disease that is caused due to autoimmunity, i.e., the immune system attacks and damages healthy tissues. It can also affect vital organs like the brain, lungs, kidneys, joints, skin, and blood vessels. This causes inflammation and damage to the tissues in the affected organs. Depending on where it affects, there are different types of lupus. Read on to know more about the 4 types of lupus and how they affect the body.

What Are The 4 Types Of Lupus?

The 4 types of lupus are the following:

  • Lupus dermatitis affects the skin, and it appears in the form of rashes.
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects the internal organs, and it is the most serious type of lupus.
  • Drug-induced lupus is caused by an overreaction to medications.
  • Neonatal lupus affects infants because they passively acquired autoantibodies from mothers with SLE.

How Does A Person Get Affected By Lupus?

The underlying cause of lupus, especially systemic lupus erythematosus is unknown. However, some factors increase your chances of being affected by this autoimmune disease, and they are listed below:

  • Microbial response
  • UV ray exposure
  • Certain medications
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Silica dust
  • Photosensitivity

Other risk factors:

  • Being female
  • Family history with SLE
  • Chronic infections
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Women in the menopause phase
  • Ethnic backgrounds like Asians, African Americans, Hispanics, and Caucasians
  • Women of childbearing ages

Early-life risk factors:

  • Preterm birth, i.e., birth before 37th week of pregnancy
  • Low birth weight, i.e., less 2,500g
  • Childhood exposure to pesticides

What Are The First Symptoms Of Lupus?

The first signs of lupus are like most other autoimmune diseases, i.e., joint pain, fever, fatigue, and weight loss. Also, some people may experience periodic symptoms of SLE called flares.

Listed below are the other symptoms of lupus SLE:

  • Oral ulcers
  • Sun sensitivity
  • Arthritis
  • Seizures
  • Loss of appetite
  • Immunological and blood cell abnormalities
  • Muscle aches
  • Alopecia or hair loss
  • Butterfly rash or facial rash
  • Chest pain due to the inflammation of the lining of the heart and that surrounding the lungs
  • Vasculitis or inflammation of the blood vessels
  • Raynaud’s phenomenon or poor blood circulation to toes and fingers when exposed to cold

Apart from the above-mentioned symptoms, the other symptoms of SLE are indigestion, nausea, abdominal pain, and confusion; they may be seen in some patients.