Lupus is a disease in which the immune system of the body attacks its own cells and tissues. It affects both humans and animals. There are two types of lupus in canines- discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The symptoms of both types are different, so is the treatment.
DLE is the most common type of lupus and it is also called “collie nose” or “nasal solar dermatitis” as it mostly affects the skin around the nose and face. SLE is the dangerous one as it can affect any part of the body and show symptoms depending on the organ affected. It can show symptoms of other types which will make diagnosing it difficult. Hence, it is advised to visit a veterinarian before you decide on the type.
Moreover, it is also important that you know as much as possible about the disease.
Symptoms Of Discoid Lupus Erythematosus In Dogs
DLE is the milder one of the two and is nothing to worry about. It affects the area around the nose, mouth, eyes, ears, etc. Luckily, it is less frequently seen in genitals or feet. These are the symptoms of SLE that you have to look for-
- pale skin on the bridge of the nose
- redness of face
- scaly or flaky skin
- sores or ulcers
- pain and itchiness at affected sites
- bacterial infection
If you notice any of these or a group of these symptoms, visit a veterinarian and after confirmation of the disease, ask for a suitable medication.
Symptoms Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus In Dogs
Any part of the body is susceptible to get affected by SLE. It is not very easy to say which organ is affected as the symptoms- which are different for different organs- are sometimes misguiding. But what we know is that, unlike DLE, SLE is deadly and should be taken seriously. These are the symptoms of SLE-
- joint and muscle pain
- inactiveness and loss of appetite
- fever and sores on the skin
- anemia and swollen lymph nodes
- increase in the size of liver, kidney or spleen
Origin Of The Disease
This disease was originally believed to have come from wolf’s bite when it was spotted in humans- hence the name “lupus”. The real causes of lupus are not understood now, but some say it is genetic. However, middle-aged (in dog years) females of a few breeds like poodles, Afghan hound, etc are more prone to be affected.
If you doubt your dog has lupus, do not panic and bring them to CCCHClinic for Rheumatology. We will provide the best care for your canine friend.